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大学生睡眠质量及其相关影响因素的研究

A Study of Sleep Quality and Related Influencing Factors in College Students

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【作者】 张林刁娟

【Author】 ZHANG Lin,DIAO Juan Faculty of Education,Ningbo University,Ningbo 315211,China

【机构】 宁波大学教育学院宁波大学教育学院 浙江宁波315211华东师范大学心理学系上海200062浙江宁波315211

【摘要】 目的:了解大学生的睡眠质量及其与人格倾向、主观幸福感、心理症状等因素的关系。方法:通过整群随机抽样选取313名大学生为调查对象,采用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(PSQI)和相关量表评定大学生的睡眠质量及相关心理状况。结果:大学生PSQI总均分为5.14±2.71,睡眠障碍发生率18.2%;体育锻炼和睡眠习惯对大学生睡眠质量有影响;人际关系、身体状况、生活习惯、主观幸福感、人格倾向、心理症状与睡眠质量有显著相关,产生重要影响的因素主要有身体状况、心理症状和人格倾向。结论:大学生睡眠质量问题应引起重视,采取综合措施改善大学生的睡眠问题,可促进其身心健康。

【Abstract】 Objective: To explore its relationships with personality characteristics,subjective well-being,and mental symptoms.Methods: 313 college students were randomly sampled in clusters,and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI) and scales correlated were used to assess their sleep quality and mental status.Results: The overall average score of the PSQI is 5.14±2.71,and the prevalence of sleep disorder was 18.2%.Physical exercises and sleep habits had influences on sleep quality of college students.Interpersonal relationship,physical conditions,living habits,subjective well-being,personality characteristics and mental symptoms were significantly correlated to sleep quality,especially the factors of physical conditions,mental symptoms and personality characteristics.Conclusion: Attentions should be paid to the sleep quality of the college students.

【关键词】 人格倾向; 主观幸福感; 心理症状; 睡眠质量;

【Key words】 Personality characteristics; Subjective well-being; Mental symptoms; Sleep quality;

【分类号】R338.63;R-4;R-055;

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