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《伤寒论》三阴三阳的本质

Essence of three yin and three yang in Shanghan Lun

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【作者】 王文蔚王用书贾成祥王文虎

【Author】 WANG Wen-wei;WANG Yong-shu;JIA Cheng-xiang;WANG Wen-hu;Henan University of Chinese Medicine;Renmin Road Health Office of Dongbeijie Village of Shuiye County;School of Economics and Management, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics;

【机构】 河南中医药大学水冶镇东北街村人民路卫生室北京航空航天大学经济管理学院

【摘要】 《伤寒论》中虽然没有"三阴三阳"的概念,但其中的"太阳""阳明""少阳""太阴""少阴""厥阴"却引起了后世无数医家的探讨。然而似乎都没有完全说清楚其到底是什么。《伤寒论》三阴三阳的学说虽然众说纷纭,但关于"太阳""阳明""少阳""太阴""少阴""厥阴"词义的理解却基本相同。文章通过对三阴三阳的词义分析,结合自然现象和《黄帝内经》中的三阴三阳,认为《伤寒论》三阴三阳的本质是对天空中太阳和月亮在不同时间给人的视觉和温觉变化感受的描述和概括。《伤寒论》三阴三阳的本质能解释《黄帝内经》中"太阳""阳明""少阳""太阴""少阴""厥阴"之间的位置关系和有关论述。

【Abstract】 Although there is no concept of ‘three yin and three yang’ in Shanghan Lun, ‘taiyang’, ‘yangming’, ‘shaoyang’, ‘taiyin’, ‘shaoyin’, ‘jueyin’ in this book had caused the discussion of the later doctors. However, it seems that they have not fully explained exactly what they are. The theory of Shanghan Lun about ‘three yin and three yang’ have different opinions, but the understanding of the meaning of ‘taiyang’, ‘yangming’, ‘shaoyang’,‘taiyin’, ‘shaoyin’ and ‘jueyin’ are basically the same. In this paper, by analyzing the meaning of three yin and three yang, combined with the natural phenomena and the three yin and three yang in Huangdi Neijing, the paper considers that the essence of three yin and three yang in Shanghan Lun is description and generalization of the sun and moon in the sky at different times in visual and temperature perception. The essence of three yin and three yang in Shanghan Lun can explain the position relation and related discussionbetween ‘taiyang’, ‘yangming’, ‘shaoyang’,‘taiyin’, ‘shaoyin’ and ‘jueyin’ in Huangdi Neijing.

【关键词】 三阴三阳; 本质; 伤寒论; 黄帝内经;

【Key words】 Three yin and three yang; Essence; Shanghan Lun; Huangdi Neijing;

【分类号】R226.3;R222.2;R221.3;

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