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中国七个地区精神疾病流行病学调查

Epidemiological investigation on mental disorders in 7 areas of China

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【作者】 张维熙李淑然陈昌惠黄悦勤王金荣王德平涂健宁佐喜付力牧纪丽萍刘志广吴化民罗开林翟书涛严和孟国荣

【Author】 Zhang Weixi,Shen Yucun,Li Shuran,et al. Institute of Mental Health, Beijing Medical University, Beijing 100083

【机构】 北京医科大学精神卫生研究所黑龙江省大庆市第三医院湖南省精神病医院吉林省神经精神病医院辽宁省精神病防治院南京脑科医院上海市精神卫生中心

【摘要】 目的了解90年代各类精神障碍患病率及与1982年比较的变动情况。方法由1982年调查协作组中的7个单位,于1993年在7个原抽样地区进行流行病学调查,方法与1982年基本相同。结果各类精神障碍(不含神经症)时点患病率11.18‰,终生患病率13.47‰;与1982年比较,均有所上升。结论精神分裂症和精神发育迟滞患病率仍居前两位,而酒依赖、情感性精神障碍、阿尔茨海默病和脑血管病所致精神障碍患病率升高,均应列为防治和研究的重点

【Abstract】 Objective The aim of this study was to uncover the possible change of prevalence in mental disorders between 1982 and 1993. Methods Seven of 12 units in the epidemiological survey on mental disorders in 1982 participated in the second survey in 1993, with the methodology same to 1982. Results Compared with the 1982 result, an increased tendency of prevalence for all mental disorders excluding neurotic disorder was noted, the time point prevalence and life time prevalence were 11.18‰ and 13.47‰ respectively. Conclusion Schizophrenia and mental retardation still ranked the first two in their prevalence. And the prevalence of mental disorder developed from alcohol dependence, Alzheimer’s disease and affective disorder increased significantly. More attention should be pay to prevention, treatment and research of these diseases.

【关键词】 精神病; 精神障碍; 患病率; 流行病学;

【Key words】 Psychotic disorders Mental disorders Prevalence Epidemioloy;

【分类号】R749.16;R181;R195.4;

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