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基于文献计量的我国区块链研究的知识网络与结构分析

Research of Knowledge Network and Structure of Blockchain Research Based on Bibliometrics

【作者】 汪园王学东李金鑫

【Author】 Wang Yuan;Wang Xuedong;Li Jinxin;College of Information Management,Central China Normal University;

【机构】 华中师范大学信息管理学院

【摘要】 区块链是分布式数据存储、点对点传输、共识机制、加密算法等计算机技术在互联网时代的创新应用模式。目前已经引起国内外各界的广泛关注,成为技术创新的热点名词。本文基于客观数据分析了区块链研究的发展态势和阶段、学科分布和结构、研究热点和趋势等,旨在为我国后续的区块链研究和发展提供参考。本文以CNKI中国学术期刊网络出版总库的相关研究论文为依据,运用文献计量方法以及Citespace等可视化软件对区块链研究现状的知识网络和理论结构进行了分析。分析结果表明:区块链研究发文量从2015年开始呈现出突发式的井喷状态,结合当前政策环境显示,目前区块链的发展还处于探索和研究阶段,因此研究论文中科普评论类文献比重较大;从研究的知识网络与结构来看,区块链研究形成了计算机科学、工程学以及电信科学、自动化技术为依托的技术学科群和以金融、能源与动力工程、工业制造、供应链、文化教育、医药卫生等众多应用学科群;这些学科结构要素共同形成了区块链研究中技术基础、技术应用以及社会宏观效应三大层面的研究热点。

【Abstract】 Blockchain,as an innovative application model of computer technology,including distributed data storage,peer to peer transmission,consensus mechanism and encryption algorithm,has attracted widespread attention from both domestic and overseas,and has become a hot topic of technological innovation. On the basis of objective literature data of blockchain,this paper analyzed the development stage and trend of literature quantity,discipline distribution structure,research hotspots and tendencies of block chain research,so as to provide reference for further research and development of block chain in china. To make an analysis of current situation and research trend of blockchain research,achieving the purpose of researching on the knowledge network and theoretical structure of blockchain,this paper applied bibliometrics method to analyze the research papers of blockchain in the past eight years in CNKI by means of knowledge mapping generated by citespace. The results showed that the number of blockchain research papers had showing a sudden blowout since 2015.Combining the current policy and economic environment,it was concluded that the studies on blockchain in China were still at the initial stage and the study at present was more found in articles which are introductory or commentary. In the view of knowledge network and structure research,the blockchain research based on the technical subject group consisted of Computer Science,Electronic Information Engineering and automation technology,and the applied subject group consisted of Finance,Energy and Power Engineering,Industrial Manufacturing,Supply Chain Management,Culture Education,etc.These subject structural elements of knowledge shaped the blockchain research,formed three hotpots of technology,application and social macro effects.

【关键词】 区块链; 学科分布; 知识网络; 研究热点; 文献计量;

【Key words】 blockchain; discipline distribution; knowledge network; research hotspots; bibliometrics;

【基金】 国家社会科学基金重点项目“大数据环境下战略性新兴产业的信息资源服务创新研究”(项目编号:15ATQ007)

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